Like Ferguson, Mo., Maple Heights went from being mostly white to nearly two-thirds black in the last few decades. But its police force remains unchanged, despite a 1977 affirmative action deal in which the city agreed to hire more minorities. Most of the other police departments in the Cleveland metro area are more closely matched to the populations they serve.Most of the other communities profiled are among the whitest in the region, so it's not a huge surprise that their overly white police forces don't raise eyebrows (the Westlakes, the Mentors, etc.).
About 53 percent of Cleveland's 396,000 residents were black, according to 2010 U.S. Census Bureau data. About 27 percent of the department's sworn officers were black in 2008, according to research conducted by Ronnie Dunn, an associate professor of urban studies at Cleveland State University.
Unlike Ferguson, however, Cleveland's black community has had a voice in City Hall for decades. Voters made Cleveland the first major U.S. city to elect a black mayor, in 1967 with Carl Stokes, and continuing with Michael White and Frank Jackson, two black men who have headed the city for 21 of the last 25 years.
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